Falls are very common causes of fractures especially in old age. With age, bones start getting weak and prone to fracture with slightest trauma.
With age also come many medical problems, joint stiffness, loss of agility and one tends to fall more often.
But even that should not prohibit you to move around and enjoy what you do. You need to be extra cautious though.
First to deal with is osteoporosis itself. Osteoporosis can be improved by taking good diet in calcium and exercise and if required, medications to increase bone mineral density.
For exercises, one should choose low impact activities like walking, or swimming.
Get Yourself Checked
Do you have any medical condition that affect your balance. Eyes and ears are important elements in maintenance of the balance and their problems are especially likely to upset your balance.
Avoid Medicines That Make You Dizzy
Talk to your doctor if f you are on medication and you feel sleepy or dizzy. Some medicines can cause these adverse effects. Talk to your doctor and find if some of the drugs could be replaced with those that do not cause these effects.
Watch your steps. Avoid slippery places. Highly polished marble or tile floors can be slippery. Avoid tripping on carpet edges or corners, uneven surfaces, curbs, and high door thresholds.
Choose proper fitting footwear with low heels and soles that are slip resistant. Always replace the worn out shoes and tie your laces. Walking barefoot or with socks increases your chances of fall.
Arrange things at home so that it is easy to to walk in and around your home. Avoid chairs, stools and other obstacles out of your path. Keep your flooring clean and remove every littered object to avoid any unwanted tripping.
Avoid electric and other cords on the floor. Keep them high on the wall eevn if you need to invest in more length of the cord.
Make sure electric cords and phone lines are out of the way. Don’t forget your yard — rake leaves to keep walkways clear.
Watch out for pets too. They can come under the foot and make you trip.
Do not rush. Accidents, mostly, happen when you are in rush.
Use safety devices as per your and surroundings’ requirement. Grab bars, rubber mats in the bathroom, handrails on both sides of the stairs, skid proof rugs, canes are few example.
Amount of lighting affects your vision. Keep your rooms bright. Install light switches near the entrances of rooms and at the top and bottom of the stairs. Use a lot of lots of nightlights.
Keep multiple flashlights handy in case of power outages.
Alcohol makes you unsteady and can cause bone loss and make them weak further. Instead shift to healthier drinks like fortified juices.
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