Xray of Fracture of Medial Malleolus of Tibia
A malleolus is a projection of bone beyond ankle joint. The medial one is called medial malleolus. Other arising from tibia is called posterior. A counterpart called lateral malleolus is distal end of fibula.
Fracture of medial malleolus is a common ankle injury and following is an xray of fracture of medial malleolus.
The present xray shows a fractured medial malleolus.
Like other fractures, treatment of the fractured medial malleolus depends upon many factors which are injury related and patient related. These are presence of concomitant fracture of fibula, amount of displacement of medial malleolus, age of the patient and demands and expectation of the patient.
The treatment of of fracture of medial malleolus can be non operative or operative. Nonoperative treatment is also called conservative treatment.
In nonoperative methods, patients are given below knee or short leg casts. In some cases, where initial injury has led to substantial swelling, the patient may be given a temporary slab first and on reduction of swelling proceed to definitive cast. It is mostly done in cases of undisplaced fractures or patients with very low functional demands.
Surgical treatment of medial malleolus fracture aims at anatomical restoration and holding the fractured fragments at that anatomical position by means of screws, Kwires or tension band wiring.
A fractured medial malleolus would take around 4-6 weeks to unite.
Xrayof Fracture of Medial Malleolus Fixed With Malleolar Screw
The xray in picture is of 27 years old male who fell after his ankle got twisted. He had a displaced fracture of medial malleolus and the fracture was fixed with two malleolar screws.
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