Hypotensive anesthesia is a technique of lowering the blood pressure of a patient during surgery to decrease the amount of blood loss. The technique is most effective in orthopedic procedures but can be used in a wide range of surgeries. A 2-4 fold reduction in intraoperative blood loss occurs if mean arterial pressure is reduced […]
Ankle arthrodesis is performed more commonly than that of the hip or knee. It is also called ankle fusion. Most common indication for performing this surgery is arthritis following an injury to ankle also called post-traumatic arthritis. Other indications are Rheumatoid arthritis Infection Neuromuscular disorders Failed total ankle arthroplasty. Bone tumors around the ankle Before […]
Hyperextension cast or hyperextension body cast is applied with patient’s vertebral column in the position of hyperextension. Hyperextension cast extends from symphysis pubis to suprasternal notch in the front and from tip of coccyx to scapulae behind. This is done so as to prevent the even smallest degree of forwarding flexion of the spine. Hyperextension […]
Lumbar discography is an invasive diagnostic procedure that involves, instillation of iodinated contrast into the nucleus pulposus after inserting a needle under fluoroscopy. This procedure is done with an aim to get information on the morphology and integrity nucleus pulposus, vertebral endplates and annulus fibrosus. In addition to this, the measured contrast injection allows determination […]
Arthrodesis is a procedure of blocking the joint motion by performing a surgery on the joint. The arthrodesis for large joints is done less commonly now than before because of favorable joint motion preserving surgeries like arthroplasty but is a reasonable choice of treatment in case of small joints. Know more about indications and use of arthrodesis.
Cast syndrome is also known as superior mesenteric artery syndrome. It is an uncommon complication in the treatment of orthopedic conditions. It results from obstruction of the third portion of the duodenum by superior mesenteric artery leading to high intestinal obstruction. It should be kept in mind that this obstruction can occur in absence of […]
Removal of plaster cast is a procedure that is done by qualified and experienced medical personnel. The procedure involves risk of injury to the patient and should be done with utmost care. Equipment Needed for Cast Removal Following equipment are necessary for removing a cast Scissors Benders Electric cutter Materials for washing limb Supportive bandages […]
A plaster cast is given for treatment of fractures and other orthopedic ailments. Though a very safe mode of treatment, complications of plaster may occur. Main complications of plaster are stiff joints, muscle wasting, and impaired circulation. Physiotherapy and good nursing can help reduce these complications and speed the final recovery. Complications of plaster cast […]