Sciatica bothersomeness index, as the name suggests, is an index based on patients reporting of symptoms which reflects the troubled patient is going through with his/her sciatica symptoms. Sciatica, as we know, is radiating pain in the lower limb due to compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve roots or lumbar nerve roots.
Contained in the syndrome pain may be accompanied with lumbar fixation, reflex abnormalities motor and sensory disturbances.
In about 90% of cases, sciatica is caused by a herniated disc with nerve root compression.
Sciatica Bothersomeness index includes self-reported ratings of symptom intensity of
- Leg pain
- Numbness or tingling in the leg, foot or groin
- Weakness in the leg/foot
- Back or leg pain while sitting
Each symptom item is rated on a scale from 0 to 6, with 0 being not bothersome, 3 somewhat bothersome and 6 extremely bothersome.
]The questionnaire that the patient receives looks like the following image.
On a 0–6 point scale, please rate the following symptoms according to how bothersome they were in the past week. These symptoms are
1. Leg Pain
2. Numbness or tingling in leg, foot or groin
Sciatica bothersomeness index
3. Weakness in leg or foot, for example, difficulty in the lifting of a foot.
4. Back or leg pain while sitting
Uses of Sciatica Bothersomeness Index
The index has been used to find the status of the patient discomfort. It has also been used to assess the outcome of the treatment, whether operative or nonoperative, in a group of patients.
This also provides us with tools to compare the effectiveness of different treatments i.e. operative nonoperative given for disc herniation that leads to sciatica.