bone stimulators

Bone Stimulators – How Effective?

Bone stimulators or bone growth stimulators are devices which are used for enhancing the union of bone. Nonunion [failure of fracture to unite] or delayed union [fracture unites slower than expected] are common and significant problems in bone union. Internal or external fixation, bone grafting, and more radically and rarely amputation are the recommended invasive options. Reported incidence of … [Read More...]

Olecranon Bursitis

Olecranon Bursitis Presentation and Treatment

Olecranon bursitis, is inflammation of olecranon bursa which is a subcutaneous bursa overlying the olecranon process of ulna. Bursa functions to reduce the friction between olecranon and skin. Olecranon bursitis may result from inflammation caused by various factors like repetitive trauma and infection of the bursa. Normally, olecranon bursa is Superficial locations of the olecranon bursa … [Read More...]

snapping hip syndrome

Snapping Hip Syndrome

In snapping hip syndrome there is an audible snap or click that occurs in or around the hip. Snapping hip syndrome may be called External - Snapping of the iliotibial band or gluteus maximus over the greater trochanter Internal - Snapping of the iliopsoas tendon The condition occurs most often in individuals aged 15-40 years and affects females slightly more often than males. Causes … [Read More...]

Iliopsoas-Tendinitis

Iliopsoas Tendinitis Presentation and Treatment

Iliopsoas tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendon or surrounding tissue caused mainly by acute trauma and overuse due to repetitive hip flexion. Iliopsoas tendinitis and iliopsoas bursitis are closely interrelated because inflammation of one inevitably causes inflammation of the other because of proximity of two structures. These two conditions are also identical in presentation and … [Read More...]

Iliopsoas-Bujrsitis

Iliopsoas Bursitis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Iliopsoas bursitis is an uncommon cause of anterior hip pain and is due to inflammation of iliopsoas bursa or iliopectineal bursa. Because of rarity of occurrence and non specific presentation, the diagnosis of iliopsoas bursitis is may be overlooked. Relevant Anatomy The iliopsoas bursa or iliopectineal bursa is the largest one in the body. It is located between the iliofemoral ligament of the … [Read More...]

Ischial Bursitis - Location

Ischial Bursitis or Ishiogluteal Bursitis

Ischial bursitis or ischiogluteal bursitis is inflammation of ischiogluteal bursa and is cause of pain in buttock. Ischiogluteal bursa is located between the ischial tuberosity and tendon of hamstring muscles at ischial tuberosity. Hamstring muscles during activity produces tension to the hamstring tendon which cause friction on the ischiogluteal bursa. During sitting the weight is borne by … [Read More...]

Trochanteric Bursitis

Trochanteric Bursitis or Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome

Trochanteric bursitis is painful inflammation of the trochanteric bursa(e) present near the greater trochanter of the femur. The term trochanteric bursitis is substituted by greater trochanteric pain syndrome because apart from bursitis, muscle tears, tendinopathy, trigger points, disorders of iliotibial band may or any other problem in the area may cause pain on the lateral aspect of the hip … [Read More...]

infrapatellar-bursitis

Infrapatellar Bursitis – Presentation and Treatment

Infrapatellar bursitis is inflammation of infrapatellar bursa, a fluid filled sac located just below the patella or kneecap . The superficial infrapatellar bursa is located between the patellar tendon and the skin. It lies anterior to patellar tendon and is subcutabeous.   The deep infrapatellar bursa is situated between the patellar ligament and the upper front surface of the … [Read More...]

Sacral Fracture

Sacral Fractures – Presentation and Treatment

Sacral fractures are common in pelvic injuries and associated with 30-45% cases. About quarter of sacral fractures are associated with neurologic injury. Sacral fractures are missed quite often, as often as 75% in patients without neurological deficit and about half of those with deficit. Neurologic injury associated with sacral fractures can range from an incomplete injury of a single nerve root … [Read More...]

default-thumb-bas

Bursitis Presentation and Treatment

Bursitis is defined as inflammation of a bursa. In bursitis, the synovial lining becomes thickened and there is production of excessive fluid resulting in swelling and pain. Following are commonly affected bursae. Upper limb Subacromial bursitis Subscapular bursitis Olecranon bursitis Lower limb Hip Ischiogluteal bursitis Iliopsoas Greater trochanter … [Read More...]

Recently Added Articles

snapping hip syndrome

Snapping Hip Syndrome

In snapping hip syndrome there is an audible snap or click that occurs in or around the hip. Snapping hip syndrome may be called External - Snapping of the iliotibial … [Read More...]

Spine

Procedures

radiofrequncy-chondroplasty

Radiofrequency Chondroplasty

Radiofrequency chondroplasty is a technique where heat is used to remove the unstable edges of the defect producing a smooth, stable articular cartilage surface and slow … [Read More...]

microfracture-chondroplasty

Microfracture Chondroplasty

The microfracture chondroplasty is a technique to treat full thickness cartilage defects that leads to the formation of new joint surface cartilage. The damaged area is … [Read More...]

Tumors

Trauma

snapping hip syndrome

Snapping Hip Syndrome

In snapping hip syndrome there is an audible snap or click that occurs in or around the hip. Snapping hip syndrome may be called External - Snapping of the iliotibial band or gluteus maximus over the greater trochanter Internal - Snapping of the iliopsoas tendon The condition occurs most often in individuals aged 15-40 years and affects females slightly more often … [Read More...]

Peroneal Nerve Entrapment can occur anywhere along the course

Peroneal Nerve Entrapment

Peroneal nerve entrapment can occur in either common peroneal nerve, superficial peroneal nerve or deep peroneal nerve. To understand these entrapments and their effects, it is important to understand the anatomy. Relevant Anatomy Peroneal Nerve About mid thigh or lower, sciatic nerve divides into two branches – common peroneal nerve and tibial nerve. The common peroneal … [Read More...]

Pellegrini Stieda Syndrome Lesion

Pellegrini Stieda Syndrome

Pellegrini Stieda syndrome is presence of pain and limitations of movement of knee  in a patient with previous injury to medial collateral ligament of knee, due to ossification of the femoral attachment. The calcified lesion is known as Pellegrini Stieda lesion or sign. Most of the cases of Pellegrini Stieda lesions are not symptomatic, and Pellegrini Stieda syndrome is … [Read More...]

Scores Indices

womac-physical-function

WOMAC Index

WOMAC index or  Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritic Index   is used to assess the course of disease or response to treatment in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis. Initially developed in 1982, the WOMAC has undergone multiple revisions. What Does WOMAC  Measure? WOMAC measures of three subscales on a scale of 0-4.  [None - 0, Mild - 1, … [Read More...]

Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale

Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale

The Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale or Pediatric Glasgow Coma Score (PGCS) is the equivalent of the Glasgow Coma Scale and is use to  assess the consciousness of infants and children. Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale is used in cases of head injury of children mostly. The scale has been modified from original Glasgow coma scale as s many of the assessments for an adult … [Read More...]

Glasgow Coma Scale

Glasgow Coma Scale

Glasgow Coma Scale is a neurological scale  developed by Teasdale and Jennett and is also known as Glasgow Coma Score. Glasgow coma scale is used to record consciousness levels of person. Glasgow coma scale is routinely used in head injuries and other central nervous system conditions The scale comprises three tests: eye, verbal and motor responses. The three … [Read More...]