Recently Added Articles

Iliotibial band anatomy

Iliotibial Band Anatomy

The iliotibial band is also called iliotibial tract and is a wide sheath of fibrous tissue that surrounds muscles on lateral aspect of thigh. It connects hip muscles to … [Read More...]

taping-Hoffa-syndrome

Hoffa Syndrome

Hoffa syndrome is a condition due to irritation of infrapatellar fat pad and a cause of anterior knee pain. It is also called Hoffa’s disease or fat pad impingement … [Read More...]

Spine

Procedures

radiofrequncy-chondroplasty

Radiofrequency Chondroplasty

Radiofrequency chondroplasty is a technique where heat is used to remove the unstable edges of the defect producing a smooth, stable articular cartilage surface and slow … [Read More...]

microfracture-chondroplasty

Microfracture Chondroplasty

The microfracture chondroplasty is a technique to treat full thickness cartilage defects that leads to the formation of new joint surface cartilage. The damaged area is … [Read More...]

Tumors

Trauma

Rotator Cuff Injury

Rotator Cuff Injury

Rotator cuff injury is a condition characterized by partial or complete tearing of one or more of the rotator cuff muscles.  The rotator cuff is formed by supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis  and teres minor.  The supraspinatus is most commonly affected. The frequency of full-thickness rotator cuff tears ranges from 5-40%, with an increasing incidence of cuff … [Read More...]

klumpke-palsy

Klumpke Palsy

Klumpke palsy is a form of paralysis involving the muscles of the forearm and hand, resulting from a brachial plexus to eighth cervical and first thoracic nerves are injured either before or after they have joined to form the lower trunk. Klumpke palsy usually occurs following a stretching injury from a difficult vaginal delivery. Klumpke palsy is rarely reported in … [Read More...]

Brachial Plexus Injury

Brachial Plexus Injury

Brachial plexus injuries can occur in neonates following birth trauma [Erb’s paralysis and Klumpke’s paralysis], compression of brachial plexus by surrounding structures [thoracic outlet syndrome] and due to inflammation of the nerve [Turner parsonage syndrome or brachial neuritis] and direct or indirect injury by trauma [called traumatic brachial plexus … [Read More...]

Non Traumatic

Popliteus Tendinopathy occurs in Popliteus Muscle

Popliteus Tendonitis Symptoms and Treatment

Popliteus tendonitis is an uncommon pathology that which often occurs in athletes and people with a history of other knee ligament injuries. The pathology involves popliteus muscle which is present on the posterolateral aspect of knee region. Popliteus muscle is key stabilizer  the knee, and plays an important role in maintaining proper mechanics at the knee during walking, running, and … [Read More...]

taping-Hoffa-syndrome

Hoffa Syndrome

Hoffa syndrome is a condition due to irritation of infrapatellar fat pad and a cause of anterior knee pain. It is also called Hoffa’s disease or fat pad impingement syndrome or simply fat pad syndrome. Hoff’s fat pad or the infrapatellar fat pad is a cylindrical piece of fat that is situated under and behind the patella bone within the knee. It is very rich in nerve supply. Pathophysiology of … [Read More...]

Synovial Plica Syndrome

Synovial Plica Syndrome

Synovial plica syndrome is referred to the group of signs and symptoms due to inflammatory changes in plica, an otherwise insignificant remnant of the synovial membranes of the knee. Synovial plicae are normal structures found in many knees. Normally, they are asymptomatic and are not associated with any painful conditions. However, with an inciting event like repetitive microtrauma or major … [Read More...]