Inlet outlet views of pelvis

Pelvic Fractures- Presentation and Treatment

Pelvic fractures and soft tissue injuries break the continuity of pelvic ring. Most pelvic fractures are stable and occur with a low-energy mechanism of injury. However pelvic fractures can be unstable. These unstable fractures are usually result of high energy trauma and are associated with injuries to surrounding viscera, vessels and nerves and are commonly associated with injury to other … [Read More...]

Normal supination of Foot Movement

Supination of Foot and Oversupination

Supination of foot is the natural movement of the foot as it rolls out during the gait cycle. Supination of foot  is the movement of the subtalar joint (between the talus and calcaneus)  and consists of three movements - inversion, plantar flexion and adduction. Inversion - Sole of the foot is turned inwards Plantar flexion- Foot and toes point downwards Adduction  - Movement of the … [Read More...]

bony pelvis front view

Bony Pelvis Anatomy

The pelvic region of the trunk is the lower part of the trunk, between the abdomen and the thighs. It includes following structures. Bony pelvis or pelvic skeleton is formed by hip bones, sacrum and coccyx. Anatomy of Bony Pelvis The pelvis is a ring structure made up of three bones: the sacrum and two innominate bones. The three bones and three joints composing the pelvic ring have no inherent … [Read More...]

hip-bone-diagram

Hip bone Anatomy

Hip bone is also known as inominate bone or pelvic bone and is formed by fusion of three bones namely ilium, ischium and pubis bones. Hip bone forms part of pelvis and takes part in hip joint articulation. The hip bone is made up of the three parts – the ilium, pubis and ischium. Prior to puberty, the triradiate cartilage separates these constituents. At the age of 15-17, the three parts begin … [Read More...]

Sacrum bone anterior and posterior view

Sacrum Bone Anatomy

The sacrum is a part of spine that lies between the fifth segment of the lumbar spine (L5) and the coccyx. Sacrum consists of five fused vertebrae S1-S5 and is triangular in shape. It is part of pelvic girdle and forms the posterior wall of pelvis and articulate with iliac bones at the sacroiliac joints. The sacral vertebrae develop by the end of the first month of embryonic development. The … [Read More...]

Hip Joint Anatomy

Hip Joint Anatomy

The hip joint is a ball-and-socket synovial joint which connects axial skeleton [pelvis] to lower limb [femur]. The ball of the joint is formed by femoral head, and the socket is formed by acetabulum. The acetabulum is formed by the merging of the ossification centers of ilium, ischium and pubis bones of pelvis. The hip joint is designed to be a stable weight bearing joint. To achieve this, a … [Read More...]

CT of Spine InjuriesD4-D5

Spine Injuries Xrays and Photographs

Spine injuries result from fall from height and motor vehicle trauma. Srays and photographs of spine injuries are being presented, including xrays after operative treatment. Image 1 - Dislocation of C6-C7 Vertebra - Xray 38 years old man suffered trauma to neck when a pole fell on him while he was working on his tube well. He developed sudden onset weakness in all the four limbs. He … [Read More...]

Luxatio Erecta Photograph Showing Abducted Arm

Shoulder Injuries – Xrays and Photographs

Xrays and photographs of different kinds of shoulder injuries are presented. Image 1 - Fracture Upper End Humerus In Child Treated With Closed Reduction and Internal Fixation With K Wires Fracture upper end humerus are common fractures in children as well in adults and elderly. However, fractures behave differently in different age groups. While elderly patients can be treated on … [Read More...]

Open Fracture Femur With Bone Jutting Out

Thigh Injuries – Xrays and Photographs

Thigh injuries are often high velocity injuries and often occur because of significant trauma or fall from height. These fractures are very common in childrena nd adult. In this article few images and xrays of thigh injuries are being presented. Image 1 - Fracture Shaft Femur in a Child - AP and Lateral Xrays Xray of femur fractuer AP and lateral views in 10 years old child. The child was … [Read More...]

Monteggia Fracture Dislocation

Forearm Injuries – Xrays and Photographs

Forearm injuries can lead to fracture of radius or ulna or both these bones. Distal joints can get injured too in forearm injuries. Here are some xrayss and photographs of forearm injuries Image 1 - Radiograph Fracture of Both Bones of forearm Fractures of forearm bones are very common in pediatric and young age group. While in children they are amenable to closed reduction and plaster … [Read More...]

Recently Added Articles

bony pelvis front view

Bony Pelvis Anatomy

The pelvic region of the trunk is the lower part of the trunk, between the abdomen and the thighs. It includes following structures. Bony pelvis or pelvic skeleton is … [Read More...]

Spine

Procedures

radiofrequncy-chondroplasty

Radiofrequency Chondroplasty

Radiofrequency chondroplasty is a technique where heat is used to remove the unstable edges of the defect producing a smooth, stable articular cartilage surface and slow … [Read More...]

microfracture-chondroplasty

Microfracture Chondroplasty

The microfracture chondroplasty is a technique to treat full thickness cartilage defects that leads to the formation of new joint surface cartilage. The damaged area is … [Read More...]

Tumors

Trauma

Inlet outlet views of pelvis

Pelvic Fractures- Presentation and Treatment

Pelvic fractures and soft tissue injuries break the continuity of pelvic ring. Most pelvic fractures are stable and occur with a low-energy mechanism of injury. However pelvic fractures can be unstable. These unstable fractures are usually result of high energy trauma and are associated with injuries to surrounding viscera, vessels and nerves and are commonly associated … [Read More...]

Normal supination of Foot Movement

Supination of Foot and Oversupination

Supination of foot is the natural movement of the foot as it rolls out during the gait cycle. Supination of foot  is the movement of the subtalar joint (between the talus and calcaneus)  and consists of three movements - inversion, plantar flexion and adduction. Inversion - Sole of the foot is turned inwards Plantar flexion- Foot and toes point … [Read More...]

Luxatio Erecta Photograph Showing Abducted Arm

Shoulder Injuries – Xrays and Photographs

Xrays and photographs of different kinds of shoulder injuries are presented. Image 1 - Fracture Upper End Humerus In Child Treated With Closed Reduction and Internal Fixation With K Wires Fracture upper end humerus are common fractures in children as well in adults and elderly. However, fractures behave differently in different age groups. While elderly patients can … [Read More...]

Scores Indices

womac-physical-function

WOMAC Index

WOMAC index or  Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritic Index   is used to assess the course of disease or response to treatment in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis. Initially developed in 1982, the WOMAC has undergone multiple revisions. What Does WOMAC  Measure? WOMAC measures of three subscales on a scale of 0-4.  [None - 0, Mild - 1, … [Read More...]

Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale

Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale

The Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale or Pediatric Glasgow Coma Score (PGCS) is the equivalent of the Glasgow Coma Scale and is use to  assess the consciousness of infants and children. Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale is used in cases of head injury of children mostly. The scale has been modified from original Glasgow coma scale as s many of the assessments for an adult … [Read More...]

Glasgow Coma Scale

Glasgow Coma Scale

Glasgow Coma Scale is a neurological scale  developed by Teasdale and Jennett and is also known as Glasgow Coma Score. Glasgow coma scale is used to record consciousness levels of person. Glasgow coma scale is routinely used in head injuries and other central nervous system conditions The scale comprises three tests: eye, verbal and motor responses. The three … [Read More...]