Norma Olecranon Bursa and Inflamed Olecranon Bursa

Bursa Anatomy and Significance

Bursa is a thin, lubricated fluid filled sac located at points of friction between a bone and the surrounding soft tissue, such as skin, muscles, ligaments and tendons like a fluid filled balloon. About 160 bursae are present in adult body size of which depends on the location of the bursae. A bursal sac is made up of a synovial membrane, or synovium, that produces and contains synovial … [Read More...]

prepatellar-bursitis-image

Prepatellar Bursitis or Housemaid Knee

Prepatellar bursitis is inflammation and swelling of the prepatellar bursa which lies between the skin and the patella separating the patella from the patellar tendon and skin. Normally, it contains a minimal amount of fluid and is not appreciable but with inflammation, it could swell substantially. Prepatellar bursitis is also known as beat knee, carpet layer's knee, coal miner's knee, … [Read More...]

Peroneal Nerve Entrapment can occur anywhere along the course

Peroneal Nerve Entrapment

Peroneal nerve entrapment can occur in either common peroneal nerve, superficial peroneal nerve or deep peroneal nerve. To understand these entrapments and their effects, it is important to understand the anatomy. Relevant Anatomy Peroneal Nerve About mid thigh or lower, sciatic nerve divides into two branches – common peroneal nerve and tibial nerve. The common peroneal nerve descends to the … [Read More...]

Pellegrini Stieda Syndrome Lesion

Pellegrini Stieda Syndrome

Pellegrini Stieda syndrome is presence of pain and limitations of movement of knee  in a patient with previous injury to medial collateral ligament of knee, due to ossification of the femoral attachment. The calcified lesion is known as Pellegrini Stieda lesion or sign. Most of the cases of Pellegrini Stieda lesions are not symptomatic, and Pellegrini Stieda syndrome is said to exist when the … [Read More...]

RICE therapy

RICE Therapy – Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. These four indicates measures taken in the acute setting of injury. The purpose of RICE therapy is to reduce pain, bleeding and ultimately swelling. Too much swelling interferes with healing [Body has to work to reduce swelling in addition to the original healing process], can lead to complications like skin blisters and compartment … [Read More...]

Medial Collateral Ligament Injury Image

Medial Collateral Ligament Injury of Knee

Medial collateral ligament injury of the knee is the most common ligament injury of the knee and occurs in all age groups. It is more common in sports persons especially in sports like football, hockey, wrestling and other contact sports. Medial collateral ligament is the ligament present on medial [inner] side of knee and goes from femral condyle to tibia. It has two parts - Superficial … [Read More...]

Pes Anserinus Bursitis Image

Pes Anserinus Bursitis

Pes anserinus bursitis is an inflammatory condition of the medial aspect of the knee causing pain inferomedial to the knee joint. It is also called anserine or pes anserine bursitis. A buras is a small synovial tissue lined structure between two surfaces which functions to provide space for gliding and reducing friction between two surfaces. The exact incidence of pes anserinus bursitis is … [Read More...]

Tibial tubercle trochlear Groove measurement for patellar maltracking

Patellar Maltracking

Patellar maltracking is said to occur when the patella does not move within the patellar groove of lower femur. The patella is a sesamoid bone contained within the quadriceps tendon [the portion between patell and tibial tuberosity is called patellar tendon]. The movement of the patella and its tendon is greatly influenced by forces around it. Patellar maltracking is one of the important causes … [Read More...]

Xray of Bipartite Patella

Bipartite Patella

Bipartite patella is a congenital condition in which the patella is actually two separate bones instead of one and represents unfused or incompletely fused secondary ossification centers of patella. Most of the people who have this condition are generally asymptomatic and most commonly.. It may be confused with fracture of patella. The incidence of occurrence of bipartite patella is about 1% … [Read More...]

Inlet outlet views of pelvis

Pelvic Fractures- Presentation and Treatment

Pelvic fractures and soft tissue injuries break the continuity of pelvic ring. Most pelvic fractures are stable and occur with a low-energy mechanism of injury. However pelvic fractures can be unstable. These unstable fractures are usually result of high energy trauma and are associated with injuries to surrounding viscera, vessels and nerves and are commonly associated with injury to other … [Read More...]

Recently Added Articles

Peroneal Nerve Entrapment can occur anywhere along the course

Peroneal Nerve Entrapment

Peroneal nerve entrapment can occur in either common peroneal nerve, superficial peroneal nerve or deep peroneal nerve. To understand these entrapments and their effects, … [Read More...]

Spine

Procedures

radiofrequncy-chondroplasty

Radiofrequency Chondroplasty

Radiofrequency chondroplasty is a technique where heat is used to remove the unstable edges of the defect producing a smooth, stable articular cartilage surface and slow … [Read More...]

microfracture-chondroplasty

Microfracture Chondroplasty

The microfracture chondroplasty is a technique to treat full thickness cartilage defects that leads to the formation of new joint surface cartilage. The damaged area is … [Read More...]

Tumors

Trauma

Peroneal Nerve Entrapment can occur anywhere along the course

Peroneal Nerve Entrapment

Peroneal nerve entrapment can occur in either common peroneal nerve, superficial peroneal nerve or deep peroneal nerve. To understand these entrapments and their effects, it is important to understand the anatomy. Relevant Anatomy Peroneal Nerve About mid thigh or lower, sciatic nerve divides into two branches – common peroneal nerve and tibial nerve. The common peroneal … [Read More...]

Pellegrini Stieda Syndrome Lesion

Pellegrini Stieda Syndrome

Pellegrini Stieda syndrome is presence of pain and limitations of movement of knee  in a patient with previous injury to medial collateral ligament of knee, due to ossification of the femoral attachment. The calcified lesion is known as Pellegrini Stieda lesion or sign. Most of the cases of Pellegrini Stieda lesions are not symptomatic, and Pellegrini Stieda syndrome is … [Read More...]

RICE therapy

RICE Therapy – Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. These four indicates measures taken in the acute setting of injury. The purpose of RICE therapy is to reduce pain, bleeding and ultimately swelling. Too much swelling interferes with healing [Body has to work to reduce swelling in addition to the original healing process], can lead to complications like skin blisters … [Read More...]

Scores Indices

womac-physical-function

WOMAC Index

WOMAC index or  Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritic Index   is used to assess the course of disease or response to treatment in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis. Initially developed in 1982, the WOMAC has undergone multiple revisions. What Does WOMAC  Measure? WOMAC measures of three subscales on a scale of 0-4.  [None - 0, Mild - 1, … [Read More...]

Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale

Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale

The Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale or Pediatric Glasgow Coma Score (PGCS) is the equivalent of the Glasgow Coma Scale and is use to  assess the consciousness of infants and children. Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale is used in cases of head injury of children mostly. The scale has been modified from original Glasgow coma scale as s many of the assessments for an adult … [Read More...]

Glasgow Coma Scale

Glasgow Coma Scale

Glasgow Coma Scale is a neurological scale  developed by Teasdale and Jennett and is also known as Glasgow Coma Score. Glasgow coma scale is used to record consciousness levels of person. Glasgow coma scale is routinely used in head injuries and other central nervous system conditions The scale comprises three tests: eye, verbal and motor responses. The three … [Read More...]